Parapapio indet
KNMER 30290
Age approx. 4.10 Million Years Digital Capture: Structured Light Scanner
ER 3680-95

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This specimen is a piece of the upper left maxilla of a monkey of the genus Parapapio, which was the dominant monkey in the early strata of the Turkana Basin and is common in the fossil deposits at Alia Bay, East Turkana, where this specimen was found. The teeth that are present are the upper fouth premolar to the third molar.

Parapapio  appears to have filled an ecological niche similar to that occupied by savannah baboons and vervets today. The East african representatives of Parapapio are quite fragmentary and are not abundant in the fossil record although in the Turkana Basin the Parapapio remains are appear to represent four different "species". The largest of the Parapapio morphs identified in the Turkana Basin, looks similar to and is possibly related to Mandrillus.

Parapapio is much better known from South Africa, where it’s remains are plentiful and generally well-preserved, several species have been described. 


The specimens displayed on this site are published specimens unless otherwise indicated. The information about the artifacts on this site is of a general nature only and unless otherwise indicated, has been written either by members of the African Fossils team, the National Museums of Kenya or the Turkana Basin Institute. The printed models are not of a high enough resolution to enable accurate scientific measurements and have generated using photogrammetry and in some cases low resolution digital models have been generated using laser scanners.

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