Theropithecus oswaldi
KNMER 60609
Age approx. 1.80 Million Years Digital Capture: Structured Light Scanner

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Theropithecus oswaldi is ancestral to the modern day Gelada babooon confined today to the Ethiopian highlands. Theropithecus oswaldi replaced Theropithecus brumpti in the fossil record in the Turkana Basin at around 2.5 million years. This large monkey is well adapted a grass rich diet and males were larger and heavier than the females.  The molars are high crowned and have thick enamel. Body weight estimates show that the body size of this species increased over time and that just before it became extinct around 500,000 years ago that the males were equivalent in size to a female gorilla and may have weighed as much as 100 kilograms. This skull belonged to a juvenile individual as seen by its dentition. This specimen was found in 2007 by Habiba Chichir in Area 130 of East Turkana.


The specimens displayed on this site are published specimens unless otherwise indicated. The information about the artifacts on this site is of a general nature only and unless otherwise indicated, has been written either by members of the African Fossils team, the National Museums of Kenya or the Turkana Basin Institute. The printed models are not of a high enough resolution to enable accurate scientific measurements and have generated using photogrammetry and in some cases low resolution digital models have been generated using laser scanners.

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